For whom it does not know the island of Lanzarote, the first vision of the same one can do that him many terms crowd in its head: beauty, dryness, ocean, tradition, desert, salt, nature, art, modernity, yard, scenery, nature, tourism…
All of these terms help to describe and locate the island of Lanzarote, and surely many of them were taken into account by the UNESCO in 1993 when he declared to the island as a Biosphere Reserve. UNESCO inaugurated with Lanzarote, Menorca for the Man and Biosphere Program (MAB), a new strategy for selecting the territories, betting by enclaves of high environmental value but at the same time with intense human pressure.
The only place: biological and environmental wealth
The fact that is Lanzarote presents particular, singular and exceptional characteristics that finally make her only.
In its beaches, volcanoes, cliffs, ravines and sand deserts the island hides a big biological wealth. Lanzarote is provided with more than 2.500 species and terrestrial subspecies (the majority arthropods). A total of 468 species and 94 subspecies is exclusive interviews of Canaries, but in case of the only Lanzarote endemic 97 species and 19 subspecies are counted.
Este hecho, unido a la singularidad de sus ecosistemas y a la belleza de sus paisajes, ha sido el motivo por el que el 41,6 % de la superficie insular esté protegido por alguna de las categorías de la Red Canaria de Espacios Naturales Protegidos y llega al 65% el suelo protegido no agrícola por el Plan Insular de Ordenación.
This way, in its territory are encompassed a national park, an integral natural reserve, two natural parks, five natural monuments, two protected landscapes, two sites of special scientific interest (SIC), eleven special protection areas (SPAS), seven zones of special protection of birds (ZEPA), and one of the most extensive marine reserves in Europe, which protects the interior waters of the Chinijo archipelago called, set of islets situated in the north of the island.